Katedral dan Bazar/Abstrak

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Bahan Awal Dokumen Sumber[sunting]

Bahan awal dokumen sumber, kebenaran menterjemah dan lesen adalah seperti berikut:

Bahan sumber dapat dicapai di http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/homesteading/cathedral-bazaar/


The Cathedral and the Bazaar

Eric Steven Raymond

Thyrsus_Enterprises <esr@thyrsus.com>

This is version 3.0

Copyright © 2000 Eric S. Raymond

Copyright

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the Open Publication License, version 2.0.

$Date: 2002/08/02 09:02:14 $


___________________________________________________________________________ |Revision_History___________________________________________________________| |Revision_1.57|11_September_2000|esr________________________________________| |New_major_section_``How_Many_Eyeballs_Tame_Complexity.___________________| |Revision_1.52|28_August_2000___|esr________________________________________| |MATLAB is a reinforcing parallel to Emacs. Corbatoó & Vyssotsky got it| |in_1965.___________________________________________________________________| |Revision_1.51|24_August_2000___|esr________________________________________| |First DocBook version. Minor updates to Fall 2000 on the time-sensitive | |material.__________________________________________________________________| |Revision_1.49|5_May_2000_______|esr________________________________________| |Added_the_HBS_note_on_deadlines_and_scheduling.____________________________| |Revision_1.51|31_August_1999___|esr________________________________________| |This_the_version_that_O'Reilly_printed_in_the_first_edition_of_the_book.___| |Revision_1.45|8_August_1999____|esr________________________________________| |Added the endnotes on the Snafu Principle, (pre)historical examples of | |bazaar_development,_and_originality_in_the_bazaar._________________________| |Revision_1.44|29_July_1999_____|esr________________________________________| |Added the ``On Management and the Maginot Line section, some insights | |about the usefulness of bazaars for exploring design space, and | |substantially_improved_the_Epilog._________________________________________| |Revision_1.40|20_Nov_1998______|esr________________________________________| |Added_a_correction_of_Brooks_based_on_the_Halloween_Documents._____________| |Revision_1.39|28_July_1998_____|esr________________________________________| |I removed Paul Eggert's 'graph on GPL vs. bazaar in response to cogent | |aguments_from_RMS_on_______________________________________________________| |Revision_1.31|February_10_1998_|esr________________________________________| |Added_``Epilog:_Netscape_Embraces_the_Bazaar!____________________________| |Revision_1.29|February_9_1998__|esr________________________________________| |Changed_``free_software_to_``open_source.______________________________| |Revision_1.27|18_November_1997_|esr________________________________________| |Added_the_Perl_Conference_anecdote.________________________________________| |Revision_1.20|7_July_1997______|esr________________________________________| |Added_the_bibliography.____________________________________________________| |Revision_1.16|21_May_1997______|esr________________________________________| |First_official_presentation_at_the_Linux_Kongress._________________________|


Abstrak[sunting]

Saya kupas sebuah projek, fetchmail, yang dilaksanakan sebagai ujian teori-teori kejuruteraan perisian yang tidak diduga yang timbul daripada sejarah Linux. Saya bincang teori-teori ini dari segi dua gaya pembangunan yang amat berlainan, model "katedral" yang terdapat dalam bahagian besar dunia komersial lawan model "bazar" dalam dunia Linux. Saya tunjukkan yang model-model ini timbul daripada tanggapan-tanggapan yang bertentangan tentang ciri-ciri tugas penyahpepijatan. Kemudian saya buat hujah daripada pengelaman Linux yang menyokong usulan yang "Apabila ramai yang memeriksa, semua pepijat kelihatan cetek", mencadang perbandingan produktif dengan sistem-sistem agen kendiri yang membetulkan keadaan sendiri, dan mengakhiri buku dengan sedikit pemeriksaan terhadap implikasi-implikasi pemerhatian terhadap masa hadapan perisian.